[MCN] Human residential development shrinks wolves' world

Lance Olsen lance at wildrockies.org
Mon Apr 18 12:27:57 EDT 2016

Biological Conservation Volume 198, June 2016

Wolf visitations close to human residences in Finland: The role of 
age, residence density, and time of day
Ilpo Kojola, Ville Hallikainen, Kari Mikkola, Eliezer Gurarie, Samuli 
Heikkinen, Salla Kaartinen, Ari Nikula, Vesa Nivala


*Wolves avoid human residences.

*Visitations close to residences are most common in territories with 
high human density.

*Finnish wolves move near human residences only at night.

*Wolves appear to learn to avoid moving close to human residences.

The global climate change agreement brokered in Paris in December by 
195 nations will come into effect two years earlier than originally 
planned, the top United Nations climate diplomat predicted.

Even so, she said the deal had come "10 years too late," and that the 
world is now at "two minutes to midnight."


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