[MCN] 2016 study confirms 2014 study linking groundwater to river flow

Lance Olsen lance at wildrockies.org
Fri Jun 24 11:58:33 EDT 2016

2014 Geophysical Research Letters
Groundwater depletion during drought threatens future water security 
of the Colorado River Basin
Stephanie L. Castle, et al
First published: 28 August 2014

2016 Water Resources Research
The importance of base flow in sustaining surface water flow in the 
Upper Colorado River Basin
Matthew P. Miller et al
First published: 9 May 2016


Lewis Hyde (2010) noted that in Parliament in 1774, Lord Camden said, 
"If there be any thing in the world common to all mankind, science 
and learning are in their nature publici juris [belonging to the 
public by right], and they ought to be as free and general as air or 

The agencies and economic forces that have led science and its 
products away from being "as free and general as air or water" remain 
with us today. This economy is being disrupted only now by the 
availability of the internet and the zero marginal-cost of 
distribution for digital objects.


"'Friends," said he, 'the taxes are indeed very heavy, and, if those 
laid on by the government were the only ones we had to pay, we might 
more easily discharge them; but we have many others, and much more 
grievous to some of us. We are taxed twice as much by our idleness, 
three times as much by our pride, and four times as much by our folly 
....   "   

"Away then with your expensive follies, and you will not then have so 
much cause to complain of hard times, heavy taxes, and chargeable 
families   ....  "      

"Here you are all got together at this sale of fineries and 
knick-knacks. You call them goods; but, if you do not take care, they 
will prove evils to some of you."

Benjamin Franklin, "The Way to Wealth" (1758).
[The classic Franklin summary of his advice from Poor Richard's Almanac.]


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