[MCN] Journal of American Medical Association: Heat & human mass mortality
lance at wildrockies.org
Sat Aug 19 11:35:03 EDT 2017
Journal of the American Medical Association August 15, 2017
Lethal Heat Waves Expected to Increase
M.J. Friedrich <http://jamanetwork.com/searchresults?author=M.J.+Friedrich&q=M.J.+Friedrich>
Heat-related deaths around the world will increase as deadly heat waves become more common with rising global temperatures that are associated with climate change, according to 2 new reports.
In the first study <https://www.nature.com/nclimate/journal/v7/n7/full/nclimate3322.html> published in Nature Climate Change, an international group of investigators found that 30% of the world’s population is currently exposed to potentially deadly heat for 20 days or more per year. To predict the likelihood of future deadly heat waves, the researchers identified 783 lethal heat waves in 164 cities across 36 countries that occurred between 1980 and 2014, most recorded in developed countries at mid-latitudes, including New York, Chicago, Beijing, Sao Paolo, and Moscow. By analyzing the climatic conditions of these lethal heat events, the investigators identified a threshold beyond which daily mean temperatures and relative humidity became deadly.
Their findings suggest that by 2100, even if greenhouse gases are aggressively reduced, at least 48% of the global population will face deadly heat waves, and if emissions are not curtailed, 74% of people around the world could face deadly heat waves.
<>In the second study <http://advances.sciencemag.org/content/3/6/e1700066> published in ScienceAdvances, a separate group of international researchers reported that as the mean summer temperatures across India have increased, the number, intensity, and duration of heat waves as well as days in which they occurred have also increased. Using data from the India Meteorological Department, the investigators found that summer mean temperatures across India rose by more than 0.5°C from 1960 to 2009, which has increased the probability of mass heat-related mortality (heat-related deaths of >100 people) by a factor of 2.5, from 13% to 32%.
Similarly, the probability of heat-related mass mortality events would increase from 46% to 82% when the average number of heat wave days across India increases from 6 to 8, respectively. Previous studies suggest India’s temperature will rise from 2.2°C to 5.5°C by the end of the 21st century, which could have a drastic effect on human life.
"Income and Outgo of Heat from the Earth, and the Dependence of Its Temperature Thereon."
A presentation by Abbot, Charles G., and F.E. Fowle, Jr. Annals of the Astrophysical Observatory (Smithsonian Institution, Washington DC) 2: 159-176.
" The molecule of carbon dioxide has strong absorption bonds, particularly in the infrared region of the spectrum at wavelengths of from 12 to 18 microns. This is the spectral region where most of the thermal energy radiating from earth to space is concentrated. By increasing the absorption of this radiation ... carbon dioxide reduces the amount of heat energy lost by earth to outer space."
Fred S. Singer, "Human Energy Production as a process in the biosphere," Scientific American
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